Old Testament Pseudepigrapha Bibliography 2007


compiled by Dr. James R. Davila and Dr. Grant Macaskill. The theme of this year’s course is Old Testament pseudeipgrapha transmitted in church languages other than Greek.

Abbreviations not explained in the text may be found in the SBL Handbook of Style, (ed. Patrick H. Alexander et al.; Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 1999). The following bibliography primarily covers basic works in English for texts from the Old Testament Pseudepigrapha covered in DI4716 in the Spring Semester of 2007. A few important foreign-language commentaries and editions of primary texts are also given.

0.0 General Bibliography
0.1 Methodology
0.2 Translations of the Old Testament Pseudepigrapha in Collections
0.3 Guide Series
0.4 On the Literature of the Second Temple Period
0.5 Literary Approaches and Ancient Exegesis
1.0 2 Enoch
2.0 5-6 Ezra
3.0 The Treatise of Shem
4.0 The Similitudes of Enoch
5.0 The Apocalypse of Abraham
6.0 The Coptic Apocalypse of Elijah
7.0 The Ladder of Jacob
8.0 The Testament of Moses
9.0 The Martyrdom and Ascension of Isaiah
“The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha as Background to the New Testament.” Expository Times 117.2 (2005): 53-57.


Charlesworth, James H. The Pseudepigrapha and Modern Research: with a Supplement. SBLSCS 7. Chico, Ca.: Scholars Press, 1981.

DiTommaso, Lorenzo. A Bibliography of Pseudepigrapha Research 18501999. JSPSup 39. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 2001. Now the standard bibliographic reference work in the field.

Freedman, David Noel (ed.). The Anchor Bible Dictionary. 6 vols. New York: Doubleday, 1992. Contains useful short articles on individual pseudepigrapha, although these are frequently by the same person who edited the particular work in the Charlesworth translation and often do not offer much that is new.


Davila, James R. The Provenance of the Pseudepigrapha: Jewish, Christian, or Other?(JSJSup 105; Leiden: Brill, 2005)


Kraft, Robert A. “The Pseudepigrapha in Christianity.” In Tracing the Threads: Studies in the Vitality of Jewish Pseudepigrapha, 5586. Edited by John C. Reeves. SBLEJL 6. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1994.

__________. “The Pseudepigrapha and Christianity Revisited: Setting the Stage and Framing Some Central Questions.” JSJ 32 (2001) 371395.


Boccaccini, Gabriele. Beyond the Essene Hypothesis: The Parting of the Ways between Qumran and Enochic Judaism. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1998.

Collins, John J. The Apocalyptic Imagination: An Introduction to Jewish Apocalyptic Literature. 2nd ed. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1998.

Himmelfarb, Martha. Ascent to Heaven in Jewish and Christian Apocalypses. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993.

__________. Tours of Hell: An Apocalyptic Form in Jewish and Christian Literature. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1983.

Horbury, William, et al. (eds.). The Cambridge History of Judaism, vol. 3, The Early Roman Period. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Kraft, Robert A., and George W. E. Nickelsburg (eds.). Early Judaism and Its Modern Interpreters. The Bible and Its Modern Interpreters 2. Atlanta, Ga.: Scholars Press, 1986.

George W. E. Nickelsburg, Jewish Literature Between The Bible And The Mishnah (2nd ed.; Minneapolis: Augsburg Fortress, 2005)

Sanders, Ed Parish. Paul and Palestinian Judaism: A Comparison of Patterns of Religion. London: S.C.M., 1977.

Schiffman, Lawrence H. and James C. VanderKam (eds.), Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2000)

Schürer, Emil. The History of the Jewish People in the Age of Jesus Christ (175 B.C.A.D. 135), vol. 3, parts 12. Revised edition edited by Geza Vermes, Fergus Millar, and Martin Goodman. Edinburgh: Clark, 1986.

Stone, Michael E. (ed.). Jewish Writings of the Second Temple Period: Apocrypha, Pseudepigrapha, Qumran Sectarian Writings, Philo, Josephus. CRINT 2.2. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1984.

VanderKam, James C. An Introduction to Early Judaism. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 2001.


Fraade, Steven D. Enosh and His Generation: PreIsraelite Hero and History in Postbiblical Interpretation. SBLMS 30. Chico, Ca.: Scholars Press, 1984.

Ginzberg, Louis. The Legends of the Jews. 7 volumes. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America, 19361947. A vast collation of Jewish legend from rabbinic texts, much of the OT Pseudepigrapha, and other sources.

Kugel, James L. In Potiphar’s House: The Interpretive Life of Biblical Texts. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1990.


1.0 2 ENOCH

1.1 Translations

AOT 321-62

APOT 2:429-65

OPT 1:91-221

Charles, R. H., W. R. Morfill., The Book of the Secrets of Enoch (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1896).

Vaillant, André., Le livre des secrets d’Hénoch: Texte slave et traduction française. Textes publiés par l’Institut d’Études slaves, 4. Paris: L’Institut d’Études slaves, 1952.

1.2 Editions and Commentaries

Franko, Ioan., Apocrifi i legendi z ukrains’kih rukopisiv. Pamjatki ukrains’koj movi i literaturi (L’vov, 1896) 1.39-64.

Ivschich, St., ‘Hrvatski glagoljski apokrif o Melhisedekovu rodjenju I spasenju za opcega potopa’ Nastavni vjesnik 39 (1930-31): 101-08.

Novakovich, S., ‘Apokrif o Enohu.’ Starine XVI (1884): 67-81.

Sokolov, M.I., ‘Materialy i zametki po starinnoj slavjanskoj literature. Vypusk tretij. VII. Slavjanskaja Kniga Enoha. II. Tekst s latinskim perevodom,’ Chtenija v Obshchestve Istorii i Drevnostej Rossijskih (COIDR) 4 (1899): 1-112.

Sokolov, M.I., ‘Materialy i zametki po starinnoj slavjanskoj literature. Vypusk tretij. VII. Slavjanskaja Kniga Enoha Pravednogo. Teksty, latinskij perevod i izsledovanie. Posmertnyj trud avtora prigotovil k izdaniju M. Speranskij,’ COIDR 4 (1910) 1-167.

Tarkovskij R.B., ‘Skazanie o Melchizedeke’ Pages114-19 in volume 3 of Biblioteka Literatury Drevnej Rusi. Edited by S. Lihachev; St. Petersburg, 1999.

Tihomirov, M., Merilo Pravednoe po rukopisi XIV veka. Moscow: ANSSSR, 1961.

Vaillant, André., Le livre des secrets d’Hénoch: Texte slave et traduction française. Textes publiés par l’Institut d’Études slaves, 4. Paris: L’Institut d’Études slaves, 1952.

1.3 Studies

Andersen, F.I. ‘The Sun in the Book of the Secrets of Enoch’ Xristianskij Vostok 4 (2006), 380-412.

Alexander, Philip. ‘From Son of Adam to a Second God: Transformation of the Biblical Enoch,’ Pages 87-122 in Biblical Figures Outside  the Bible. Edited by M.E. Stone and T.A. Bergen. Harrisburg: Trinity Press International, 1998.  

Bauckham, R. ‘Early Jewish Visions of Hell’ JTS 41 (1990): 355-385.

Böttrich, Christfried. ‘The Melchizedek Story of 2 (Slavonic) Enoch: A Reaction to A. Orlov.’ JSJ 32 (2001): 445-70.

Idel, Moshe.  ‘Enoch is Metatron.’ Imm 24/25 (1990): 220-240.

Lake, Kirsopp. ‘The Date of the Slavonic Enoch’. HTR 16 (1923): 397-398.

Maunder, A. S. D. ‘The Date and Place of Writing of the Slavonic Book of Enoch.’ The Observatory 41 (1918): 309-316.

Macaskill, Grant. Revealed Wisdom and Inaugurated Eschatology in Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity. JSJSupp 115. Leiden: Brill, 2007: 196-228.

Orlov, Andrei. The Enoch Metatron Tradition.  TSAJ, 107. Tübingen: Mohr-Siebeck, 2005.

___________. ‘Titles of Enoch-Metatron in 2 Enoch.’ JSP 18 (1998): 71-86.

___________. ”Noah’s Younger Brother’: Anti-Noachic Polemics in 2 Enoch.‘ Hen 22.2 (2000) 259-73.

___________. ‘Ex 33 on God’s Face: A Lesson from the Enochic Tradition.’ SBLSP 39 (2000): 130-147.

___________. ‘The Origin of the Name ‘Metatron’ and the Text of 2 (Slavonic Apocalypse of) Enoch.’ JSP 21 (2000): 19-26.

____________. ‘Secrets of Creation in 2 (Slavonic) Enoch.’ Hen 22.1 (2000): 45-62.

____________. ‘Melchizedek Legend of 2 (Slavonic) Enoch.’ JSJ31 (2000): 23-38.

____________. ‘On the Polemical Nature of 2 (Slavonic) Enoch: A Reply to C. Böttrich.’ JSJ 34 (2003): 274-303.

Pines, Shlomo. ‘Eschatology and the Concept of Time in the Slavonic Book of Enoch.’ Pages 72-87 in Types of Redemption: Contributions to the Theme of the Study-Conference Held at Jerusalem 14th to 19th July 1968. Edited by R. J. Zwi Werblowsky and Claas J. Bleeker. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1970.

Rubinstein, A. ‘Observations on the Slavonic Book of Enoch.’ JJS 15 (1962): 1-21.

Schmidt, N. ‘The Two Recensions of Slavonic Enoch.’ JAOS 41 (1921): 307-312.

Scopello, M. ‘The Apocalypse of Zostrianos (Nag Hammadi VIII.1) and the Book of the Secrets of Enoch.’ VC 34 (1980): 367-85


2.0 5-6 EZRA (= 2 Esdras 1-2, 15-16, respectively)

See also the coverage of 4 Ezra on this website   here and here.

2.1 Translation

OTP 1:519-59, esp. pp.525-28, 555-59 (= RSV)

2.2 Edition

Klijn, A. Frederik J.  Der lateinische Text der Apokalypse des Esra.  TUGA 131.  Berlin:  Akademie-verlag, 1983.

2.3 Studies

Bergren, Theodore A. “The ‘People Coming from the East’ in 5 Ezra 1.38.” JBL 108 (1989): 675-83.

__________. Fifth Ezra: The Text, Origin and Early History. SBLSCS 25. Atlanta, Ga.: Scholars Press, 1990.

__________. “Christian Influence on the Transmission History of 4, 5, and 6 Ezra.” In The Jewish Apocalyptic Heritage in Early Christianity, 102-127. Edited by James C. VanderKam and William Adler. CRINT 3.4. Minneapolis, Minn.: Fortress, 1996.

__________. Sixth Ezra: The Text and Origin (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998)

Kraft, Robert A. “Towards Assessing the Latin Text of ‘5 Ezra’: The ‘Christian Connection’.” HTR 79 (1986): 158-69.

Longenecker, Bruce W. 2 Esdras, 110-21. Guides to Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1995.


4.1 Translations

AOT 169-319, esp. pp. 221-56

APOT 2:163-281, esp. pp. 208-37

OTP 1:5-89, esp. pp. 29-50.

Charles, R. H., with W. O. E. Oesterly, The Book of Enoch. London: SPCK, 1917 (recent, undated reprint of APOT translation above).

Nickelsburg, George W. E. and James C. VanderKam, 1 Enoch: A New Translation.Minneapolis: Fortress, 2004. The best translation currently available.

4.2 Edition and Commentary

Black, Matthew, in consultation with James C. VanderKam.  The Book of Enoch or 1 Enoch:  A New English Edition.  SVTP 7.  Leiden:  Brill, 1985.

Knibb Michael A., in consultation with Edward Ullendorff.  The Ethiopic Book of Enoch:  A New Edition in Light of the Aramaic Dead Sea Fragments.  2 vols.  Oxford:  Clarendon, 1978.

4.3 Studies

__________.  “The Messianism of the Parables of Enoch:  Their Date and Contribution to Christological Origins.”  In Charlesworth (ed.), The Messiah, 145-68.

Charlesworth, James H. (ed.).  The Messiah:  Developments in Earliest Judaism and Christianity.  Minneapolis:  Fortress, 1992.

Davila, James R.  “Of Methodology, Monotheism, and Metatron:  Introductory Reflections on Divine Mediators and the Origins of the Worship of Jesus.”  In The Jewish Roots of Christological Monotheism:  Papers from the St. Andrews Conference on the Historical Origins of the Worship of Jesus, 3-18.  Edited by Carey C. Newman, James R. Davila, and Gladys S. Lewis.  JSJSup 63.  Leiden:  Brill, 1999.

__________. Provenance of the Pseudepigrapha, 132-37,

Greenfield, Jonas C., and Michael E. Stone.  “The Enochic Pentateuch and the Date of the Similitudes.”  HTR 70 (1977):  51-65.

Knibb Michael A.  “The Date of the Parables of Enoch:  A Critical Review.”  NTS 25 (1979):  345-59.

Mearns, Christopher L.  “Dating the Similitudes of Enoch.”  NTS 25 (1979):  360-69.

Milik, J. T., with the collaboration of Matthew Black.  The Books of Enoch:  Aramaic Fragments of Qumrân Cave 4 .  Oxford:  Clarendon, 1976.

__________.  “Enochic Wisdom:  An Alternative to the Mosaic Torah?” in Hesed Ve-Emet. Studies in Honor of Ernest S. Frerichs, 123-32.  Edited by Jodi Magness and Seymour Gittin.  Atlanta:  Scholars Press, 1998.

Suter, David Winston.  Tradition and Composition in the Parables of Enoch.  SBLDS 47.  Missoula, Mont.:  Scholars Press, 1979.

VanderKam, James C.  “Some Major Issues in the Contemporary Study of 1 Enoch:  Reflections on J. T. Milik’s The Books of Enoch:  Aramaic Fragments of Qumrân Cave 4.”  Maarav 3 (1982):  85-97.

__________.  “Righteous One, Messiah, Chosen One, and Son of Man in 1 Enoch 37-71.”  In Charlesworth (ed.), The Messiah, 169-91.


6.1 Translations

AOT 753-73

OTP 1:721-53

John C. Reeves, “Sefer Elijah.” Trajectories in Near Easter Apocalyptic: A Postrabbinic Jewish Apocalypse Reader, 29-39. SBL Resources for Biblical Study 45. Atlanta, Ga.: Society of Biblical Literaure, 2005. (A translation of the Hebrew Apocalypse of Elijah, whose relationship to the Coptic Apocalypse of Elijah remains to be fully worked out.

6.2 Editions and Commentaries

Pietersma, Albert and Susan Turner Comstock with Harold W. Attridge. The Apocalypse of Elijah Based on Pap. Chester Beatty 2018. Missoula, Mont.: Scholars Press, 1979.

Rosenstiehl, Jean-Marc. L’apocalypse d’Élie: introduction, traduction et notes. TÉHJI 1. Paris: Librairie Orientaliste Paul Geuthner, 1972.

Schrage, Wolfgang. Die Elia-Apokalypse. JSHRZ 5.3. Güttersloh : Mohn, 1980

6.3 Studies

Bauckham, Richard J. “The Martyrdom of Enoch and Elijah: Jewish or Christian?” JBL95 (1976): 447-58.

__________. “Enoch and Elijah in the Coptic Apocalypse of Elijah.” StPatr 16 (1985): 69-76.

Frankfurter, David. “Tabitha in the Apocalypse of Elijah. JTS 41 (1990): 13-25.

__________. Elijah in Upper Egypt: The Apocalypse of Elijah and Early Egyptian Christianity. Minneapolis, Minn.: Fortress, 1993.

__________. “The Cult of the Martyrs in Egypt before Constantine: The Evidence of the Coptic Apocalypse of Elijah.” VC 48 (1994): 25-47.

McNeil, B. “Coptic Evidence of Jewish Messianic Beliefs (Apocalypse of Elijah 2:5-6).” RSO 51 (1977): 39-45.

Rist, M. “The Common Source of Revelation 15:17-22:5 and the Apocalypse of Elijah.” The Iliff Review 12 (1955): 27-34.


7.1 Translations

AOT 453-63

OTP 2:401-11

James, M.R. The Lost Apocrypha of the Old Testament. SPCK. London, New York, 1920: 96-103.

7.2 Editions and Commentaries

None relevant to this course.

7.3 Studies

Kugel, James., ‘The Ladder of Jacob.’ Harvard Theological Review  88 (1995): 209-27.

_____________ In Potiphar’s House: The Interpretive Life of Biblical Texts. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press,1994: 117-119.

Orlov, Andrei A. ‘The Face as the Heavenly Counterpart of the Visionary in the Slavonic Ladder of Jacob.’ Pages 59-76 in Of Scribes and Sages: Early Jewish Interpretation and Transmission of Scripture. Vol. 1, Ancient Versions and Traditions. Edited by C.A. Evans. London: T&T Clark/Continuum, 2004.

Leicht, Reimund, ‘Qedushah and Prayer to Helios: A New Hebrew Version of an Apocryphal Prayer of Jacob.’ Jewish Studies Quarterly 6 (1999), 140-176.

Whitney, K.W. Two Strange Beasts : Leviathan and Behemoth in Second Temple and Early Rabbinic Judaism. Winona Lake, Ind.: Eisenbrauns, 2006.



8.1 Translations

AOT 601-16

APOT 2:407-24

OTP 1:918-34

8.2 Editions

Ceriani, A. M.  Monumenta sacra et profana ex codicibus praesertim Bibliothecae Ambrosianae, I 1:55-64.  Milan:  Bibliotheca Ambrosiana, 1861.

Charles, R. H.  The Assumption of Moses.  London:  Black, 1897.

Laperrousaz, E.-M.  “Le Testament de Moïse.”  Sem. 19 (1970):  1-140.

Tromp, Johannes.  The Assumption of Moses.  SVTP 10.  Leiden:  Brill, 1993.

8.3 Studies

Bauckham, Richard.  Jude and the Relatives of Jesus in the Early Church, 235-80.  Edinburgh:  Clark, 1990.

Collins, John J.  “The Date and Provenance of the Testament of Moses.”  In Nickelsburg (ed.), Studies on the Testament of Moses, 15-32.

__________.  “Some Remaining Traditio-Historical Problems in the Testament of Moses.”  In Nickelsburg (ed.), Studies on the Testament of Moses, 38-43.

Davila, Provenance of the Pseudepigrapha, 148-54.

Goldstein, Jonathan A.  “The Testament of Moses:  Its Content, Its Origin, and its Attestation in Josephus.”  In Nickelsburg (ed.), Studies on the Testament of Moses, 44-52.

Nickelsburg, George W. E., Jr. (ed.).  Studies on the Testament of Moses.  SBLSCS 4.  Cambridge, Mass.:  Society of Biblical Literature, 1973.

__________.  “Introduction.”  In Nickelsburg (ed.), Studies on the Testament of Moses, 5-14.

__________.  “An Antiochan Date for the Testament of Moses.”  In Nickelsburg (ed.), Studies on the Testament of Moses, 33-37.

Purvis, James D.  “Samaritan Traditions on the Death of Moses.” In Nickelsburg (ed.), Studies on the Testament of Moses, 93-117.



9.1 Translations

AOT 775-812

APOT 2:155-62 (extracts supposedly reconstructing a Jewish source in the work)

OTP 2:43-176

R.H. Charles. The Ascension of Isaiah. London: SPCK, 1919. http://www.cimmay.us/photocopy/pc_charles.pdf

9.2 Editions and Commentaries

Charles, R.H. The Ascension of Isaiah, Translated from the Ethiopian Version, which together with the New Greek Fragment, the Latin Versions, and the Latin Translation of the Slavonic, Is Here Published in Full. London: A&C Black, 1900.

9.3 Studies

Bauckham, Richard.  “The Ascension of Isaiah:  Genre, Unity and Date.”  In The Fate of the Dead:  Studies on the Jewish and Christian Apocalypses, 363-90.  NTSup 93.  Leiden:  Brill, 1998.

Carey, G: ‘The Ascension of Isaiah: an Example of Early Christian Narrative Polemic.’ Journal for the Study of the Pseudepigrapha 17 (1998): 65-78.

Charlesworth, J.H. ‘Christian and Jewish Self-Definition in Light of the Christian Additions to the Apocryphal Writings.’ Pages 25-55, especially 41-46 in  Jewish and Christian Self-Definition. Vol. 2, Aspects of Judaism in the Graeco-Roman Period. Edited by E.P. Sanders with A.I. Baumgarten and Alan Mendelson. London : SCM Press, 1981.

Flusser, D. ‘Isaiah, Ascension of.’ Page 71 in volume 9 of Encyclopaedia Judaica. 16 volumes. Jerusalem: Encyclopaedia Judaica, 1972.

Frankfurter, D. ‘A Legacy of Jewish Apocalypses in Early Christianity: Regional Trajectories.’ Pages129-200, esp. 139-142, in The Jewish Apocalyptic Heritage in Early Christianity. Edited by James C. VanderKam and William Adler. Minneapolis: Fortress Press/Assen : Van Gorcum, 1996.

Hall, Robert G. ‘The Ascension of Isaiah: Community Situation, Date, and Place in Early Christianity.’ Journal of Biblical Literature, 109/2 (1990): 289-306.

____________ ‘Isaiah’s Ascent to See the Beloved: An Ancient Jewish Source for the Ascension of Isaiah?’ Journal of Biblical Literature 113 (1994): 463-484.

____________ ‘Astonishment in the Firmament: The Worship of Jesus and Soteriology in Ignatius and the Ascension of Isaiah.’ In The Jewish Roots of Christological Monotheism: Papers from the St. Andrews Conference on the Historical Origins of the Worship of Jesus.  Edited by Carey C. Newman, James R. Davila and Gladys S. Lewis. JSJSupp 63. Leiden : Brill, 1999. 148-155.

Hannah, D.D. ‘The Ascension of Isaiah and Docetic Christianity.’ Vigilae Christianae 53 (1999): 165-196.

____________ ‘Isaiah’s Vision in the Ascension of Isaiah and the Early Church.’ Journal of Theological Studies 50 (1999): 80-101.

Helmbold, A.K. ‘Gnostic Elements in the ‘Ascension of Isaiah.” New Testament Studies 18 (1972): 222-227.

Himmelfarb, Martha. ‘The Experience of the Visionary and Genre in the Ascension of Isaiah 6-11 and the Apocalypse of Paul.’ Semeia 36 (1986): 97-111.

Jenks, G.C. The Origins and Development of the Antichrist Myth. BZNW 59. Berlin/New York: W. de Gruyter, 1991: 126-127, 132, 176, 312-327.

Knight, Jonathan. The Ascension of Isaiah. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1995.

______________Disciples of the Beloved One: The Christology, Social Setting and Theological Context of the Ascension of Isaiah. JSPSup 18. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1996.

Nickelsburg, George W. E.: Jewish Literature between the Bible and the Mishnah: A Historical and Literary Introduction. London: SCM, 1981:142-145.

Nickelsburg, George W. E. and David Satran, ‘Stories of Biblical and Early Post-Biblical Times.’ Pages 33-87, esp. 52-56 and 85, in Jewish Writings of the Second Temple Period: Apocrypha, Pseudepigrapha, Qumran Sectarian Writings, Philo, Josephus. Edited by M.E. Stone. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1984.

Lietarte Peerbolte, L. J. The Antecedents of Antichrist : a Traditio-Historical Study of the Earliest Christian Views on Eschatological Opponents. JSJSupp 49. Leiden: Brill, 1996: 194-205.

Rist, M. ‘Isaiah, Ascension of.’ Pages 744-746 in volume 2 of The Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible. 5 Volumes. Edited by G.A. Buttrick et al. Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1962-77.

Russell, R.J. ‘The Ascensio Isaiae and Iran.’ Pages 63-71 in Irano-Judaica: Studies Relating to Jewish Contacts with Persian Culture Throughout the Ages. Edited by Shaul Shaked. Jerusalem: Ben Zvi Institute, 1982.

Stone, M.E. ‘Isaiah, Martyrdom of.’ Pages 71-72 in volume 9 of Encyclopaedia Judaica. Jerusalem: Encyclopaedia Judaica, 1972.

Stuckenbruck, L.T. ‘Worship and Monotheism in the Ascension of Isaiah.’ Pages 70-89 in The Jewish Roots of Christological Monotheism: Papers from the St. Andrews Conference on the Historical Origins of the Worship of Jesus.  Edited by Carey C. Newman, James R. Davila and Gladys S. Lewis. JSJSupp 63. Leiden : Brill, 1999.



5.1 Translations

AOT 363-91

APOT 2:62552

OTP 1:681-706

Box, G.H., and Landsman, J.I., The Apocalypse of Abraham (London, New York: The Macmillan Company, 1918).

Gaster, M., ‘The Apocalypse of Abraham. From the Roumanian Text, Discovered and Translated.’ Pages 92-123 in Studies and Texts in Folklore, Magic, Medieval Romance, Hebrew Apocrypha and Samaritan Archaeology. Volume 1. Edited by M. Gaster.London: Maggs Brothers, 1925. (repr. New York, 1971).

Kulik, Alexander. Retroverting Slavonic Pseudepigrapha: Towards the Original of the Apocalypse of Abraham. SBL Text Critical Studies 3. Atlanta: SBL, 2004.

James, M.R., The Lost Apocrypha of the Old Testament: Their Titles and Fragments.Translations of Early Documents 1.14. London: SPCK, 1920: 16-17

Pennington, A., ‘Apocalypse of Abraham.’ Pages 393-422 in The Apocryphal Old Testament. Edited by H.F.D. Sparks. Oxford: Clarendon, 1984.

Rubinkiewicz, R., ‘Apocalypse of Abraham.’ Pages 681-706 in The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha: Volume 1. Edited by J.H. Charlesworth. Garden City, New York 1985.

5.2 Editions and Commentaries

Philonenko-Sayar, B. and Marc  Philonenko,  Die Apokalypse Abraham (JSHRZ, 5; Gütersloh: Mohn, 1982).

Rubinkiewicz, R., L’Apocalypse d’Abraham en slave. Édition critique du texte, introduction, traduction et commentaire (Sociéte des Lettres et des Sciences de l’Université Catholique de Lublin; Zródla i monografie, 129; Lublin, 1987).

(Plus various Russian nineteenth-century editions)

5.3 Studies

Begg, C., ‘Rereading of the ‘Animal Rite’ of Genesis 15 in Early Jewish Narratives’ Catholic Biblical Quarterly 50 (1988): 36-46, esp. 43-45.

Bowley, J.B. ‘The Compositions of Abraham.’ Pages 215-238 in Tracing the Threads: Studies in the vitality of Jewish Pseudepigrapha. Edited by John C. Reeves. SBEJL 6. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1994.

Charlesworth, J.H., ‘The Jewish Roots of Christology: The Discovery of the Hypostatic Voice.’ Scottish Journal of Theology 39 (1986): 19-41. (esp. 33-37).

Hall, R.G., ‘The ‘Christian Interpolation’ in the Apocalypse of Abraham.’ Journal of Biblical Literature 107 (1988): 107-112.

_________ Revealed Histories. Techniques for Ancient Jewish and Christian Historiography. Journal for the Study of the Pseudepigrapha Supplementary Series 6. Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1991: 21-32; 75-78.

Halperin, David., The Faces of the Chariot. Early Jewish Responses to Ezekiel’s Vision.TSAJ 16. Tübingen; Mohr, 1988: 103-13.

Ginzberg, L., ‘Abraham, Apocalypse of.’ Pages 91-92 of The Jewish Encyclopoedia. Volume 1. Edited by I. Singer, et al. New York/London: Funk and Wagnalls, 1901-1906: 91-2.

Grabbe, L., ‘The Scapegoat Tradition: A Study in Early Jewish Interpretation’ Journal for the Study of Judaism 18 (1987 ): 152-167 (esp. 156-58).

Himmelfarb, Martha. Ascent to Heaven in Jewish and Christian Apocalypses. New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993: 61-66.

Jenks, G.C. The Origins and Development of the Antichrist Myth. BZNW 59. Berlin/New York: W. de Gruyter, 1991: 284-288.

Kohler, K., ‘The Pre-Talmudic Haggada’ 2 parts. The Jewish Quarterly Review 5/3 (1893): 399-419;and JQR 7/4 (1895) 581-606. Available through JSTOR.

Licht, J., ‘Abraham, Apocalypse of.’ Pages 125-7 in volume 2 of Encyclopaedia Judaica. 16 Volumes. Jerusalem:Encyclopaedia Judaica, 1972.


Lunt, H.G., ‘On the Language of the Slavonic Apocalypse of Abraham’ Slavica Hierosolymitana 7 (1985): 55-62.

Mueller, J.R., ‘The Apocalypse of Abraham and the Destruction of the Second Jewish Temple.’ SBL Seminar Papers 21 (1982): 341-49.

Nickelsburg, G.W.E., Jewish Literature between the Bible and the Mishnah. A Historical and Literary Introduction. London: SCM, 1981: 294-99.

Rowland, Chris. ‘The Visions of God in Apocalyptic Literature.’ Journal for the Study of Judaism 10 (1979). 137-154, esp. 150-154.

____________ ‘The Parting of the Ways: The Evidence of Jewish and Christian Apocalyptic and Mystical Material.’ Pages 213-237, esp. 219-222, in Jews and Christians : the parting of the ways, A.D. 70 to 135 : the Second Durham-Tübingen Research Symposium on Earliest Christianity and Judaism, Durham, September, 1989. Edited by J.D.G. Dunn. WUNT 66. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 1992.

Rubinstein, A., ‘Hebraisms in the Slavonic ‘Apocalypse of Abraham” 2 parts. Journal of Jewish Studies 4 (1953): 108-15. Journal of Jewish Studies 5 (1954) 132-35.

_____________ ‘A Problematic Passage in the Apocalypse of Abraham’ Journal of Jewish Studies 8 (1957): 45-50.

Stone, Michael., ‘Apocalyptic Literature,’ Pages 383-441, esp. 415-18, in: Jewish Writings of the Second Temple Period: Apocrypha, Pseudepigrapha, Qumran Sectarian Writings, Philo, Josephus. Edited by M.E. Stone. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1984.

Weitzman, S. ‘The Song of Abraham.’ Hebrew Union College Annual 65 (1994): 21-33.



For Elijah as a divine mediator figure, see



3.1 Translations

OTP 1:473-86

3.2 Editions and Commentaries

Charlesworth, James H. with James R. Mueller. “Die ‘Schrift des Sem’: Einfürung, Text un Übersetzung.” ANRW 20.2:951-87. Edited by Wolfgang Haase. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter, 1987. (The Syriac text.)

Schåfer, Peter and Shaul Shaked, Magische Texte aus der Kairoer Geniza, vol. III, #80 (T.S. K 1.149), pp. 261-84. TSAJ 72. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 1999. (The Aramaic and Judeo-Arabic texts.)

3.3 Studies

Atkinson, Kenneth. “Astrology and History in the Treatise of Shem: Two Astrological Pseudepigrapha and Their Relevance for Understanding the Astrological Dead Sea Scrolls.” QC 14 (2006): 37-55.


4.0 THE SIMILITUDES OF ENOCH (1 Enoch 37-71)

For additional bibliography on 1 Enoch, see



Charles, R. H. (ed.). The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha of the Old Testament in English, vol. 1, Apocrypha; vol. 2, Pseudepigrapha. Oxford: Clarendon, 1913. Hereafter, “APOT.”

Charlesworth, James H. (ed.). The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha, vol. 1, Apocalyptic Literature and Testaments, vol. 2, Expansions of the “Old Testament” and Legends, Wisdom and Philosophical Literature, Prayers, Psalms, and Odes, Fragments of Lost JudeoHellenistic Works. Garden City, N. Y.: Doubleday, 1983, 1985. Hereafter, “OTP.”

Sparks, H. F. D. (ed.). The Apocryphal Old Testament. Oxford: Clarendon, 1984. Hereafter, “AOT.”


Guides to Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press. Volumes published thus far include 2 Esdras4 MaccabeesThe Ascension of IsaiahThe Life of Adam and Eve and Related LiteratureSirachWisdom of SolomonJubileesJoseph and Aseneth, and Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs.

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